A bunion, also known as Hallux Abducto- Valgus (HAV), is a bony enlargement of the big toe joint which forms when there is movement of big toe towards the middle of the foot, and a lump that results on the inside of the foot.
Arthritis tends to develop in the joint along with problems fitting into footwear. Hammer toes can often arise as a secondary concern due to the formation of bunions. Arthritis, corns, callus and ingrown toenails often follow.
Bunions are also caused by poor foot posture where imbalances in the forces on the big toe joint cause the joint to dislocate gradually. This is why people with flat feet or heavily pronated walking patterns are more likely to develop bunions. Excessive movement in your joints and hormone changes can play a role. Symptoms of a bunions differ from person to person however they most commonly include pain, redness and swelling.
How can Katie Nilan Podiatry help you?
All our podiatrists are uniquely trained in the latest treatment options of bunions, having worked under the guidance and within theatre of both orthopaedic and podiatric surgeons. We can discuss individually tailored solutions such as muscle strengthening exercises, footwear, stretching, padding techniques and orthotics to help offload the joint so that pain is reduced and the chances of further degeneration of the joint is less likely.